New US research on 56 healthy men and women, who followed a 12-week fitness regimen, found that women who wanted to reduce fat around their belly and lower blood pressure fared better by exercising in the morning.
But women trying to improve upper body muscle strength had better save their efforts for the evening, which also improved their mood.
Time of day made less of a difference for men, who saw their strength increase whether it was morning or evening.
But exercising later in the day has been shown to be more effective in improving men’s heart health and improving their metabolic health – reducing the risk of diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease and heart disease. stroke.
The study of 30 men and 26 women – all active and healthy, and between the ages of 25 and 55 – lasted 12 weeks and monitored the effects of a varied fitness program, which included stretching, sprinting, resistance and endurance.
One group trained for an hour before 8:30 a.m. while the other group followed the same activities in the evening, between 6:00 p.m. and 8:00 p.m. All participants followed a specially designed meal plan.
All study participants improved their health
All participants had their blood pressure and body fat tested during the study, as well as their flexibility, strength and aerobic power at the start and end.
Everyone who took part in the study improved their overall health and performance during the 12-week trial, regardless of when they exercised.
“The best time to exercise is the best time you can do it and fit it into your schedule,” says Dr. Paul Arcerio, study lead author and professor of health and physiological sciences. at Skidmore College in New York State.
But he told the TAUT there could be ‘something else going on’ which could mean the ideal time of day to exercise is different for women and men. .
The study, published in Frontiers in Physiology, followed people at a healthy weight, but the researchers say the program could also work on overweight or obese people.
“They are more likely to benefit from it,” says Dr. Arcerio.
The research was relatively small and only followed participants for three months.
But experts said the trends could be important because until now much of what is known about the subject has been based on research on men.